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TWh闃堝€笺€?/p>杩欎釜缁煎悎鑳介噺鎸囨暟涓庢瘮鐗瑰竵缃戠粶闅忔椂闂寸殑绠楀姏鐩告瘮濡備綍锛熷湪2019骞村垵鍓嶅悗锛孋BEI鏄剧ず鍑虹被浼肩殑鑴遍挬鐜拌薄锛岀畻鍔涘拰鑳芥簮缁х画涓婂崌锛岃兘婧愭秷鑰椾繚鎸佺浉瀵圭ǔ瀹氾紝ASIC鐑巼鍜屾瘮鐗瑰竵鎸栫熆婵€鍔卞凡缁忔敹缂┿€?/p>鏈夎叮鐨勬槸锛屽揩鐓ф瘮鐗瑰竵娑堣垂浼拌閫氬父鏄鎺ㄥ叏骞寸殑锛屼互TWh/骞寸殑鑳介噺鍊艰〃绀猴紝娌℃湁鏀寔鏃堕棿鏁版嵁鎴栬瘉鎹€傛瘡鏃ョ殑缃戠粶鍔熺巼浼拌瑕佹瘮缁樺埗鍦ㄦ瘡鏃ュ浘琛ㄤ笂鐨勬墍鏈夎繖浜涘勾搴﹁兘婧愭秷鑰椾及璁℃洿鍙楁杩庛€傚浘琛ㄧ殑閿欒涔嬪鍦ㄤ簬璁╀汉浠ぇ閲忚瑙f暟鎹殑鎯婁汉鍥捐〃閿欒锛氫互鏃ヤ负杞寸粯鍒剁殑骞村害鑳芥簮浼拌鏁般€傚洜姝わ紝鎴戝啋鏄у湴灏嗚繖浜涙瘡鏃ラ棿闅斾及璁℃暟杞崲涓烘瘡鏃ュ姛鐜囦及璁℃暟鍥撅紝浠ョ籂姝d笂杩板鑷存暟鎹瑙g殑鍥捐〃閿欒銆?/p><strong>鎴戞彁鍑轰簡缁煎悎姣旂壒甯佸姛鐜囨寚鏁帮紙CBPI锛夌紪璇戜粠D-BECI鍜屾渶灏忓€硷紝C-BECI鏈€澶у€硷紝鏈€灏忓€煎拰浼拌锛屼互鍙婃垜浠互涓婄殑缁忔祹瀛﹀拰鐗╃悊鍩虹涓婄殑浼拌</strong>銆?/p>杩欎釜CBPI缁勫悎浼拌姣旂壒甯佺殑鐬椂鐢ㄧ數閲忥紝鐢ㄧ摝鐗硅〃绀猴紝鐡︾壒鏄數鍔涚殑鍗曚綅銆侰BPI鐨勫嘲鍊兼渶杩戣揪鍒颁簡杩?.58 GW锛屾垨鑰呰鏄ぇ绾?鍙板痉缃楀畞鏃跺厜鏈虹殑1.21 GW銆?/p><strong>鐜涓殑CBPI</strong>杩欎箞澶х殑鑳介噺鍊兼槸寰堥毦鐞嗚В鐨勶紝鐗瑰埆鏄湪姣忓勾鐨勬儏鍐典笅锛屾墍浠ヨ鎴戜滑閫氳繃涓€浜涘揩閫熺殑姣旇緝鏉ユ纭湴鐪嬪緟杩欎簺浼扮畻锛?/p>閾惰绯荤粺娑堣€?50TWh/骞?/p>榛勯噾寮€閲?00 TWh/骞?/p>PC鍜屼富鏈烘父鎴?5 TWh/骞?/p>姣旂壒甯佹寲鐭匡紙CBEI锛?60 TWh/骞?/p>绾稿竵鍜岄摳甯?1 TWh/骞?/p>缇庡浗鍦h癁褰╃伅7TWh/骞?/p>鍩轰簬鎴戜滑浠ヤ笂鐨勪及璁★紝<strong>姣旂壒甯佺綉缁滃ぇ绾︽秷鑰?0鑷?0澶摝鏃?骞达紝鎴栫害0.15%鐨勫叏鐞冨勾鍙戠數閲忥紙26锛?00澶摝鏃讹級锛屽彧鏈夌害0.024%鐨勫叏鐞冩€昏兘婧愪骇閲忥紙14锛?21锛?51 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                            澹版槑锛氭鏂囧嚭浜庝紶閫掓洿澶氫俊鎭箣鐩殑锛屽苟涓嶆剰鍛崇潃璧炲悓鍏惰鐐规垨璇佸疄鍏舵弿杩般€傛湰缃戠珯鎵€鎻愪緵鐨勪俊鎭紝鍙緵鍙傝€冧箣鐢ㄣ€?/p>杩戝勾鏉ワ紝鏈夎澶氫汉澹扮О姣旂壒甯佸拰閫氳繃SHA-256宸ヤ綔璇佹槑淇濇姢缃戠粶鐨勭熆宸ユ秷鑰椾簡杩囧鐨勮兘閲忋€備絾鏄紝杩欎簺澹版槑鎵€渚濇嵁鐨勬暟鎹槸浠€涔堬紵鏉ユ簮鐨勮绠楁槸鍚︿娇鐢ㄤ簡鏈夌己闄锋垨鍚堢悊鐨勬柟娉曞拰鍋囪锛熷巻鍙蹭笂姣旂壒甯佺綉缁滀娇鐢ㄤ簡澶氬皯鐢佃兘锛?/p>鏂规硶鍜岃瑙?/strong>鐢变簬姣旂壒甯佺綉缁滅殑搴炲ぇ鐨勩€佸垎甯冨湪鍏ㄧ悆鐨勬嫇鎵戠粨鏋勶紝鐭垮伐娑堣€楃殑鐢靛姏鍜岃兘婧愭暟閲忔棤娉曞畬鍏ㄩ獙璇侊紝鑰屾槸蹇呴』杩涜浼拌銆傚湪杩囧幓鍑犲勾鐨勮兘婧愭秷鑰椾腑锛屾湁涓€澶ф壒淇¤獕鍗撹憲鐨勬秷鎭潵婧愬弬涓庤繘鏉ワ紝璇曞浘浠ユ洿鍐烽潤銆佹洿鍩轰簬鏁版嵁鐨勬柟寮忎及绠楁瘮鐗瑰竵鐨勭綉缁滆兘婧愭秷鑰楋細University of Cambridge, Judge Business School 锛圝BS锛?/p>The International Energy Agency 锛圛EA锛?/p>Electric Power Research Institute 锛圗PRI锛?/p>Coin CenterCoinSharesMarc BevandHass McCookAlex de VriesMyself浼扮畻鏂规硶浼间箮鍒嗕负涓ゅぇ绫伙細鍩轰簬璐㈠姟鍋囪鐨勭粡娴庡鏂规硶鍜屽熀浜庡伐绋嬪師鍒欑殑鍩轰簬鐗╃悊鐨勬柟娉?/strong>銆傚湪BTC2019 澶т細涓婏紝鎴戜滑瀵硅繖涓ょ浼扮畻鏂规硶杩涜浜嗗叏闈㈢殑姣旇緝鍜屽姣斻€?/p>鍦ㄧ悊瑙f墍鏈夎繖浜涘勾搴︿娇鐢ㄩ噺浼扮畻鏃讹紝閲嶈鐨勬槸瑕佺悊瑙g數鍔涙秷鑰楅€氬父浠ヤ袱绉嶆柟寮忔祴閲忥細鐬椂锛堝姛鐜囥€佺摝鐗广€佸崈鐡︾瓑锛夊拰闅忔椂闂撮泦鎴愮殑鐩稿悓鐬椂鍔熺巼娴嬮噺锛堣兘閲忋€佺劍鑰炽€佸崈鐡﹀皬鏃讹紙kWh锛夌瓑锛夈€?/p>杩戝勾鏉ワ紝鏈夎澶氫汉澹扮О姣旂壒甯佸拰閫氳繃SHA-256宸ヤ綔璇佹槑淇濇姢缃戠粶鐨勭熆宸ユ秷鑰椾簡杩囧鐨勮兘閲忋€?/div>
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TWh闃堝€笺€?/p>杩欎釜缁煎悎鑳介噺鎸囨暟涓庢瘮鐗瑰竵缃戠粶闅忔椂闂寸殑绠楀姏鐩告瘮濡備綍锛熷湪2019骞村垵鍓嶅悗锛孋BEI鏄剧ず鍑虹被浼肩殑鑴遍挬鐜拌薄锛岀畻鍔涘拰鑳芥簮缁х画涓婂崌锛岃兘婧愭秷鑰椾繚鎸佺浉瀵圭ǔ瀹氾紝ASIC鐑巼鍜屾瘮鐗瑰竵鎸栫熆婵€鍔卞凡缁忔敹缂┿€?/p>鏈夎叮鐨勬槸锛屽揩鐓ф瘮鐗瑰竵娑堣垂浼拌閫氬父鏄鎺ㄥ叏骞寸殑锛屼互TWh/骞寸殑鑳介噺鍊艰〃绀猴紝娌℃湁鏀寔鏃堕棿鏁版嵁鎴栬瘉鎹€傛瘡鏃ョ殑缃戠粶鍔熺巼浼拌瑕佹瘮缁樺埗鍦ㄦ瘡鏃ュ浘琛ㄤ笂鐨勬墍鏈夎繖浜涘勾搴﹁兘婧愭秷鑰椾及璁℃洿鍙楁杩庛€傚浘琛ㄧ殑閿欒涔嬪鍦ㄤ簬璁╀汉浠ぇ閲忚瑙f暟鎹殑鎯婁汉鍥捐〃閿欒锛氫互鏃ヤ负杞寸粯鍒剁殑骞村害鑳芥簮浼拌鏁般€傚洜姝わ紝鎴戝啋鏄у湴灏嗚繖浜涙瘡鏃ラ棿闅斾及璁℃暟杞崲涓烘瘡鏃ュ姛鐜囦及璁℃暟鍥撅紝浠ョ籂姝d笂杩板鑷存暟鎹瑙g殑鍥捐〃閿欒銆?/p><strong>鎴戞彁鍑轰簡缁煎悎姣旂壒甯佸姛鐜囨寚鏁帮紙CBPI锛夌紪璇戜粠D-BECI鍜屾渶灏忓€硷紝C-BECI鏈€澶у€硷紝鏈€灏忓€煎拰浼拌锛屼互鍙婃垜浠互涓婄殑缁忔祹瀛﹀拰鐗╃悊鍩虹涓婄殑浼拌</strong>銆?/p>杩欎釜CBPI缁勫悎浼拌姣旂壒甯佺殑鐬椂鐢ㄧ數閲忥紝鐢ㄧ摝鐗硅〃绀猴紝鐡︾壒鏄數鍔涚殑鍗曚綅銆侰BPI鐨勫嘲鍊兼渶杩戣揪鍒颁簡杩?.58 GW锛屾垨鑰呰鏄ぇ绾?鍙板痉缃楀畞鏃跺厜鏈虹殑1.21 GW銆?/p><strong>鐜涓殑CBPI</strong>杩欎箞澶х殑鑳介噺鍊兼槸寰堥毦鐞嗚В鐨勶紝鐗瑰埆鏄湪姣忓勾鐨勬儏鍐典笅锛屾墍浠ヨ鎴戜滑閫氳繃涓€浜涘揩閫熺殑姣旇緝鏉ユ纭湴鐪嬪緟杩欎簺浼扮畻锛?/p>閾惰绯荤粺娑堣€?50TWh/骞?/p>榛勯噾寮€閲?00 TWh/骞?/p>PC鍜屼富鏈烘父鎴?5 TWh/骞?/p>姣旂壒甯佹寲鐭匡紙CBEI锛?60 TWh/骞?/p>绾稿竵鍜岄摳甯?1 TWh/骞?/p>缇庡浗鍦h癁褰╃伅7TWh/骞?/p>鍩轰簬鎴戜滑浠ヤ笂鐨勪及璁★紝<strong>姣旂壒甯佺綉缁滃ぇ绾︽秷鑰?0鑷?0澶摝鏃?骞达紝鎴栫害0.15%鐨勫叏鐞冨勾鍙戠數閲忥紙26锛?00澶摝鏃讹級锛屽彧鏈夌害0.024%鐨勫叏鐞冩€昏兘婧愪骇閲忥紙14锛?21锛?51 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TWh锛夊拰鍩轰簬鐗╃悊鐨勪及绠楋紙40.17 TWh锛夆€斺€斿湪鏁板€间笂闈炲父鐩镐技</strong>銆傚畠浠篃灞炰簬鐢卞€煎緱娉ㄦ剰鐨勪釜浜恒€佸疄浣撳拰鏈烘瀯鎵€浣滅殑鍚勭鍏朵粬娴佽浼拌鐨勮寖鍥达紝濡備笅琛ㄦ墍绀恒€傛墍鏈夎繖浜涗及璁¢噺閮界浉褰撶浉浼硷紝杩欎娇寰楀悇绉嶄笉鍚岀殑浼拌浜哄憳浠ュ強鎵€浣跨敤鐨勫悇绉嶆柟娉曞拰涓嶅悓鍋囪鍏锋湁鍙俊鎬с€?/p>鍊煎緱娉ㄦ剰鐨勬槸锛氭瘮鐗瑰竵缃戠粶绠楀姏锛圗H/s锛変技涔庡紑濮嬩笌涓€鑸殑骞村害鑳介噺锛圱Wh/year锛変及璁¤秼鍔胯劚閽┿€傚鏋滄槸鍩轰簬鐗╃悊鐨勪及璁★紝杩欏彲鑳芥槸鐢变簬SHA-256 ASIC鎸栫熆璁惧鐨勭儹鐜囦笅闄嶏紝濡傛灉鏄熀浜庣粡娴庡鐨勪及璁★紝鎴栫敱浜庡噺鍗婂拰浠锋牸鍋滄粸銆?/p>涓婇潰鐨勫浘琛ㄦ樉绀轰簡鍙戝竷鏃剁殑骞村害鑳芥簮浼扮畻蹇収锛圱Wh/year锛夛紝浣嗗叾涓竴浜涙潵婧愶紙鍓戞ˉ澶у[C-BECI]鍜孉lex de Vries [D-BECI]锛夊疄闄呬笂鍦ㄥ嚑骞村墠鐨勬瘡鏃ュ浘琛ㄤ笂鍙戝竷浜嗚繖浜涘勾搴︿及绠椼€傝繖鍙堝洖鍒颁簡鍓嶉潰鍏充簬鑳介噺涓庤兘閲忕殑璁ㄨ锛氶€昏緫搴旇闃叉鍦ㄦ棩杞翠笂缁樺埗骞村害鑳介噺浼扮畻銆?/p>鏃犺濡備綍锛屾垜璁や负鏈夊繀瑕佸皢杩欎簺宸插叕甯冪殑浼拌鏁版嵁涓庢垜浠娇鐢ㄦ洿杩炵画鐨勬椂闂村簭鍒楁暟鎹紙鍥炴函鍒?017骞村簳锛堜箣鍓嶇殑甯傚満鍘嗗彶楂樼偣锛夛級杩涜姣旇緝銆傜粡娴庡拰鐗╃悊璁$畻锛屽墤妗ョ殑浼拌锛屼互鍙奃igiconomist鐨勭粨鏋滃湪鏃堕棿涓婇兘鏄浉褰撶浉浼肩殑锛岃繖浜涗笉鍚岀殑浼拌鎶€鏈紝鍐嶄竴娆″鍔犱簡涓€浜涘悓琛屽鏌ュ拰鏈夋晥鎬с€?/p>浠殑涓婅堪浼扮畻鏂规硶浼间箮涓庡叾浠栧悇绉嶆瘡鏃ラ棿闅旂殑骞村害鑳介噺浼扮畻寰堝ソ鍦颁竴鑷达紝鍥犳瀹冧滑琚钩鍧囧湪涓€璧凤紝鍒涘缓浜嗕竴绉嶅鍚堟瘮鐗瑰竵鑳介噺鎸囨暟锛圕BEI锛夛紝濡備笅闈㈢殑TWh/year鎵€绀恒€傛瘡涓€绉嶄及璁¢兘鏈変笉鍚岀殑鍋囪锛屼笉鍚岀殑姘村钩鍜屼笉鍑嗙‘鎬ф潵婧愶紝鍥犳瀹冧滑鐨勭粍鍚堝彲鑳芥洿鍑嗙‘銆傝繖涓鍚堜及绠楋紙CBEI锛夋渶杩戝垰鍒氶噸鏂版祴璇曚簡姣旂壒甯佹瘡骞寸綉缁滆兘婧愭秷鑰楁€婚噺鐨?0 TWh闃堝€笺€?/p>杩欎釜缁煎悎鑳介噺鎸囨暟涓庢瘮鐗瑰竵缃戠粶闅忔椂闂寸殑绠楀姏鐩告瘮濡備綍锛熷湪2019骞村垵鍓嶅悗锛孋BEI鏄剧ず鍑虹被浼肩殑鑴遍挬鐜拌薄锛岀畻鍔涘拰鑳芥簮缁х画涓婂崌锛岃兘婧愭秷鑰椾繚鎸佺浉瀵圭ǔ瀹氾紝ASIC鐑巼鍜屾瘮鐗瑰竵鎸栫熆婵€鍔卞凡缁忔敹缂┿€?/p>鏈夎叮鐨勬槸锛屽揩鐓ф瘮鐗瑰竵娑堣垂浼拌閫氬父鏄鎺ㄥ叏骞寸殑锛屼互TWh/骞寸殑鑳介噺鍊艰〃绀猴紝娌℃湁鏀寔鏃堕棿鏁版嵁鎴栬瘉鎹€傛瘡鏃ョ殑缃戠粶鍔熺巼浼拌瑕佹瘮缁樺埗鍦ㄦ瘡鏃ュ浘琛ㄤ笂鐨勬墍鏈夎繖浜涘勾搴﹁兘婧愭秷鑰椾及璁℃洿鍙楁杩庛€傚浘琛ㄧ殑閿欒涔嬪鍦ㄤ簬璁╀汉浠ぇ閲忚瑙f暟鎹殑鎯婁汉鍥捐〃閿欒锛氫互鏃ヤ负杞寸粯鍒剁殑骞村害鑳芥簮浼拌鏁般€傚洜姝わ紝鎴戝啋鏄у湴灏嗚繖浜涙瘡鏃ラ棿闅斾及璁℃暟杞崲涓烘瘡鏃ュ姛鐜囦及璁℃暟鍥撅紝浠ョ籂姝d笂杩板鑷存暟鎹瑙g殑鍥捐〃閿欒銆?/p><strong>鎴戞彁鍑轰簡缁煎悎姣旂壒甯佸姛鐜囨寚鏁帮紙CBPI锛夌紪璇戜粠D-BECI鍜屾渶灏忓€硷紝C-BECI鏈€澶у€硷紝鏈€灏忓€煎拰浼拌锛屼互鍙婃垜浠互涓婄殑缁忔祹瀛﹀拰鐗╃悊鍩虹涓婄殑浼拌</strong>銆?/p>杩欎釜CBPI缁勫悎浼拌姣旂壒甯佺殑鐬椂鐢ㄧ數閲忥紝鐢ㄧ摝鐗硅〃绀猴紝鐡︾壒鏄數鍔涚殑鍗曚綅銆侰BPI鐨勫嘲鍊兼渶杩戣揪鍒颁簡杩?.58 GW锛屾垨鑰呰鏄ぇ绾?鍙板痉缃楀畞鏃跺厜鏈虹殑1.21 GW銆?/p><strong>鐜涓殑CBPI</strong>杩欎箞澶х殑鑳介噺鍊兼槸寰堥毦鐞嗚В鐨勶紝鐗瑰埆鏄湪姣忓勾鐨勬儏鍐典笅锛屾墍浠ヨ鎴戜滑閫氳繃涓€浜涘揩閫熺殑姣旇緝鏉ユ纭湴鐪嬪緟杩欎簺浼扮畻锛?/p>閾惰绯荤粺娑堣€?50TWh/骞?/p>榛勯噾寮€閲?00 TWh/骞?/p>PC鍜屼富鏈烘父鎴?5 TWh/骞?/p>姣旂壒甯佹寲鐭匡紙CBEI锛?60 TWh/骞?/p>绾稿竵鍜岄摳甯?1 TWh/骞?/p>缇庡浗鍦h癁褰╃伅7TWh/骞?/p>鍩轰簬鎴戜滑浠ヤ笂鐨勪及璁★紝<strong>姣旂壒甯佺綉缁滃ぇ绾︽秷鑰?0鑷?0澶摝鏃?骞达紝鎴栫害0.15%鐨勫叏鐞冨勾鍙戠數閲忥紙26锛?00澶摝鏃讹級锛屽彧鏈夌害0.024%鐨勫叏鐞冩€昏兘婧愪骇閲忥紙14锛?21锛?51 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TWh闃堝€笺€?/p>杩欎釜缁煎悎鑳介噺鎸囨暟涓庢瘮鐗瑰竵缃戠粶闅忔椂闂寸殑绠楀姏鐩告瘮濡備綍锛熷湪2019骞村垵鍓嶅悗锛孋BEI鏄剧ず鍑虹被浼肩殑鑴遍挬鐜拌薄锛岀畻鍔涘拰鑳芥簮缁х画涓婂崌锛岃兘婧愭秷鑰椾繚鎸佺浉瀵圭ǔ瀹氾紝ASIC鐑巼鍜屾瘮鐗瑰竵鎸栫熆婵€鍔卞凡缁忔敹缂┿€?/p>鏈夎叮鐨勬槸锛屽揩鐓ф瘮鐗瑰竵娑堣垂浼拌閫氬父鏄鎺ㄥ叏骞寸殑锛屼互TWh/骞寸殑鑳介噺鍊艰〃绀猴紝娌℃湁鏀寔鏃堕棿鏁版嵁鎴栬瘉鎹€傛瘡鏃ョ殑缃戠粶鍔熺巼浼拌瑕佹瘮缁樺埗鍦ㄦ瘡鏃ュ浘琛ㄤ笂鐨勬墍鏈夎繖浜涘勾搴﹁兘婧愭秷鑰椾及璁℃洿鍙楁杩庛€傚浘琛ㄧ殑閿欒涔嬪鍦ㄤ簬璁╀汉浠ぇ閲忚瑙f暟鎹殑鎯婁汉鍥捐〃閿欒锛氫互鏃ヤ负杞寸粯鍒剁殑骞村害鑳芥簮浼拌鏁般€傚洜姝わ紝鎴戝啋鏄у湴灏嗚繖浜涙瘡鏃ラ棿闅斾及璁℃暟杞崲涓烘瘡鏃ュ姛鐜囦及璁℃暟鍥撅紝浠ョ籂姝d笂杩板鑷存暟鎹瑙g殑鍥捐〃閿欒銆?/p><strong>鎴戞彁鍑轰簡缁煎悎姣旂壒甯佸姛鐜囨寚鏁帮紙CBPI锛夌紪璇戜粠D-BECI鍜屾渶灏忓€硷紝C-BECI鏈€澶у€硷紝鏈€灏忓€煎拰浼拌锛屼互鍙婃垜浠互涓婄殑缁忔祹瀛﹀拰鐗╃悊鍩虹涓婄殑浼拌</strong>銆?/p>杩欎釜CBPI缁勫悎浼拌姣旂壒甯佺殑鐬椂鐢ㄧ數閲忥紝鐢ㄧ摝鐗硅〃绀猴紝鐡︾壒鏄數鍔涚殑鍗曚綅銆侰BPI鐨勫嘲鍊兼渶杩戣揪鍒颁簡杩?.58 GW锛屾垨鑰呰鏄ぇ绾?鍙板痉缃楀畞鏃跺厜鏈虹殑1.21 GW銆?/p><strong>鐜涓殑CBPI</strong>杩欎箞澶х殑鑳介噺鍊兼槸寰堥毦鐞嗚В鐨勶紝鐗瑰埆鏄湪姣忓勾鐨勬儏鍐典笅锛屾墍浠ヨ鎴戜滑閫氳繃涓€浜涘揩閫熺殑姣旇緝鏉ユ纭湴鐪嬪緟杩欎簺浼扮畻锛?/p>閾惰绯荤粺娑堣€?50TWh/骞?/p>榛勯噾寮€閲?00 TWh/骞?/p>PC鍜屼富鏈烘父鎴?5 TWh/骞?/p>姣旂壒甯佹寲鐭匡紙CBEI锛?60 TWh/骞?/p>绾稿竵鍜岄摳甯?1 TWh/骞?/p>缇庡浗鍦h癁褰╃伅7TWh/骞?/p>鍩轰簬鎴戜滑浠ヤ笂鐨勪及璁★紝<strong>姣旂壒甯佺綉缁滃ぇ绾︽秷鑰?0鑷?0澶摝鏃?骞达紝鎴栫害0.15%鐨勫叏鐞冨勾鍙戠數閲忥紙26锛?00澶摝鏃讹級锛屽彧鏈夌害0.024%鐨勫叏鐞冩€昏兘婧愪骇閲忥紙14锛?21锛?51 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TWh锛夊拰鍩轰簬鐗╃悊鐨勪及绠楋紙40.17 TWh锛夆€斺€斿湪鏁板€间笂闈炲父鐩镐技</strong>銆傚畠浠篃灞炰簬鐢卞€煎緱娉ㄦ剰鐨勪釜浜恒€佸疄浣撳拰鏈烘瀯鎵€浣滅殑鍚勭鍏朵粬娴佽浼拌鐨勮寖鍥达紝濡備笅琛ㄦ墍绀恒€傛墍鏈夎繖浜涗及璁¢噺閮界浉褰撶浉浼硷紝杩欎娇寰楀悇绉嶄笉鍚岀殑浼拌浜哄憳浠ュ強鎵€浣跨敤鐨勫悇绉嶆柟娉曞拰涓嶅悓鍋囪鍏锋湁鍙俊鎬с€?/p>鍊煎緱娉ㄦ剰鐨勬槸锛氭瘮鐗瑰竵缃戠粶绠楀姏锛圗H/s锛変技涔庡紑濮嬩笌涓€鑸殑骞村害鑳介噺锛圱Wh/year锛変及璁¤秼鍔胯劚閽┿€傚鏋滄槸鍩轰簬鐗╃悊鐨勪及璁★紝杩欏彲鑳芥槸鐢变簬SHA-256 ASIC鎸栫熆璁惧鐨勭儹鐜囦笅闄嶏紝濡傛灉鏄熀浜庣粡娴庡鐨勪及璁★紝鎴栫敱浜庡噺鍗婂拰浠锋牸鍋滄粸銆?/p>涓婇潰鐨勫浘琛ㄦ樉绀轰簡鍙戝竷鏃剁殑骞村害鑳芥簮浼扮畻蹇収锛圱Wh/year锛夛紝浣嗗叾涓竴浜涙潵婧愶紙鍓戞ˉ澶у[C-BECI]鍜孉lex de Vries [D-BECI]锛夊疄闄呬笂鍦ㄥ嚑骞村墠鐨勬瘡鏃ュ浘琛ㄤ笂鍙戝竷浜嗚繖浜涘勾搴︿及绠椼€傝繖鍙堝洖鍒颁簡鍓嶉潰鍏充簬鑳介噺涓庤兘閲忕殑璁ㄨ锛氶€昏緫搴旇闃叉鍦ㄦ棩杞翠笂缁樺埗骞村害鑳介噺浼扮畻銆?/p>鏃犺濡備綍锛屾垜璁や负鏈夊繀瑕佸皢杩欎簺宸插叕甯冪殑浼拌鏁版嵁涓庢垜浠娇鐢ㄦ洿杩炵画鐨勬椂闂村簭鍒楁暟鎹紙鍥炴函鍒?017骞村簳锛堜箣鍓嶇殑甯傚満鍘嗗彶楂樼偣锛夛級杩涜姣旇緝銆傜粡娴庡拰鐗╃悊璁$畻锛屽墤妗ョ殑浼拌锛屼互鍙奃igiconomist鐨勭粨鏋滃湪鏃堕棿涓婇兘鏄浉褰撶浉浼肩殑锛岃繖浜涗笉鍚岀殑浼拌鎶€鏈紝鍐嶄竴娆″鍔犱簡涓€浜涘悓琛屽鏌ュ拰鏈夋晥鎬с€?/p>浠殑涓婅堪浼扮畻鏂规硶浼间箮涓庡叾浠栧悇绉嶆瘡鏃ラ棿闅旂殑骞村害鑳介噺浼扮畻寰堝ソ鍦颁竴鑷达紝鍥犳瀹冧滑琚钩鍧囧湪涓€璧凤紝鍒涘缓浜嗕竴绉嶅鍚堟瘮鐗瑰竵鑳介噺鎸囨暟锛圕BEI锛夛紝濡備笅闈㈢殑TWh/year鎵€绀恒€傛瘡涓€绉嶄及璁¢兘鏈変笉鍚岀殑鍋囪锛屼笉鍚岀殑姘村钩鍜屼笉鍑嗙‘鎬ф潵婧愶紝鍥犳瀹冧滑鐨勭粍鍚堝彲鑳芥洿鍑嗙‘銆傝繖涓鍚堜及绠楋紙CBEI锛夋渶杩戝垰鍒氶噸鏂版祴璇曚簡姣旂壒甯佹瘡骞寸綉缁滆兘婧愭秷鑰楁€婚噺鐨?0 TWh闃堝€笺€?/p>杩欎釜缁煎悎鑳介噺鎸囨暟涓庢瘮鐗瑰竵缃戠粶闅忔椂闂寸殑绠楀姏鐩告瘮濡備綍锛熷湪2019骞村垵鍓嶅悗锛孋BEI鏄剧ず鍑虹被浼肩殑鑴遍挬鐜拌薄锛岀畻鍔涘拰鑳芥簮缁х画涓婂崌锛岃兘婧愭秷鑰椾繚鎸佺浉瀵圭ǔ瀹氾紝ASIC鐑巼鍜屾瘮鐗瑰竵鎸栫熆婵€鍔卞凡缁忔敹缂┿€?/p>鏈夎叮鐨勬槸锛屽揩鐓ф瘮鐗瑰竵娑堣垂浼拌閫氬父鏄鎺ㄥ叏骞寸殑锛屼互TWh/骞寸殑鑳介噺鍊艰〃绀猴紝娌℃湁鏀寔鏃堕棿鏁版嵁鎴栬瘉鎹€傛瘡鏃ョ殑缃戠粶鍔熺巼浼拌瑕佹瘮缁樺埗鍦ㄦ瘡鏃ュ浘琛ㄤ笂鐨勬墍鏈夎繖浜涘勾搴﹁兘婧愭秷鑰椾及璁℃洿鍙楁杩庛€傚浘琛ㄧ殑閿欒涔嬪鍦ㄤ簬璁╀汉浠ぇ閲忚瑙f暟鎹殑鎯婁汉鍥捐〃閿欒锛氫互鏃ヤ负杞寸粯鍒剁殑骞村害鑳芥簮浼拌鏁般€傚洜姝わ紝鎴戝啋鏄у湴灏嗚繖浜涙瘡鏃ラ棿闅斾及璁℃暟杞崲涓烘瘡鏃ュ姛鐜囦及璁℃暟鍥撅紝浠ョ籂姝d笂杩板鑷存暟鎹瑙g殑鍥捐〃閿欒銆?/p><strong>鎴戞彁鍑轰簡缁煎悎姣旂壒甯佸姛鐜囨寚鏁帮紙CBPI锛夌紪璇戜粠D-BECI鍜屾渶灏忓€硷紝C-BECI鏈€澶у€硷紝鏈€灏忓€煎拰浼拌锛屼互鍙婃垜浠互涓婄殑缁忔祹瀛﹀拰鐗╃悊鍩虹涓婄殑浼拌</strong>銆?/p>杩欎釜CBPI缁勫悎浼拌姣旂壒甯佺殑鐬椂鐢ㄧ數閲忥紝鐢ㄧ摝鐗硅〃绀猴紝鐡︾壒鏄數鍔涚殑鍗曚綅銆侰BPI鐨勫嘲鍊兼渶杩戣揪鍒颁簡杩?.58 GW锛屾垨鑰呰鏄ぇ绾?鍙板痉缃楀畞鏃跺厜鏈虹殑1.21 GW銆?/p><strong>鐜涓殑CBPI</strong>杩欎箞澶х殑鑳介噺鍊兼槸寰堥毦鐞嗚В鐨勶紝鐗瑰埆鏄湪姣忓勾鐨勬儏鍐典笅锛屾墍浠ヨ鎴戜滑閫氳繃涓€浜涘揩閫熺殑姣旇緝鏉ユ纭湴鐪嬪緟杩欎簺浼扮畻锛?/p>閾惰绯荤粺娑堣€?50TWh/骞?/p>榛勯噾寮€閲?00 TWh/骞?/p>PC鍜屼富鏈烘父鎴?5 TWh/骞?/p>姣旂壒甯佹寲鐭匡紙CBEI锛?60 TWh/骞?/p>绾稿竵鍜岄摳甯?1 TWh/骞?/p>缇庡浗鍦h癁褰╃伅7TWh/骞?/p>鍩轰簬鎴戜滑浠ヤ笂鐨勪及璁★紝<strong>姣旂壒甯佺綉缁滃ぇ绾︽秷鑰?0鑷?0澶摝鏃?骞达紝鎴栫害0.15%鐨勫叏鐞冨勾鍙戠數閲忥紙26锛?00澶摝鏃讹級锛屽彧鏈夌害0.024%鐨勫叏鐞冩€昏兘婧愪骇閲忥紙14锛?21锛?51 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                            澹版槑锛氭鏂囧嚭浜庝紶閫掓洿澶氫俊鎭箣鐩殑锛屽苟涓嶆剰鍛崇潃璧炲悓鍏惰鐐规垨璇佸疄鍏舵弿杩般€傛湰缃戠珯鎵€鎻愪緵鐨勪俊鎭紝鍙緵鍙傝€冧箣鐢ㄣ€?/p>杩欑闅惧害鍜屽伐浣滈噺璇佹槑鐨勫叧绯讳娇鎴戜滑鑳藉鏍规嵁鍧楃敓鎴愮巼鍜岀浉鍏崇殑闅惧害绾у埆鎺ㄥ鍑虹綉缁滅畻鍔涚殑浼拌鏁般€備粠杩囧幓鍗佸勾鍦ㄤ笉鍚岄毦搴︾骇鍒笂鎵€鍋氱殑宸ヤ綔閲忥紝鎴戜滑鍙互澶ц嚧浼扮畻鍑烘瘮鐗瑰竵缃戠粶姣忓勾璁$畻鐨凷HA-256鍝堝笇閲忥紝濡備笅鍥炬墍绀猴紝鍗曚綅涓烘瘡骞翠竾浜垮搱甯屾暟锛圱h/year锛夋垨姣忓勾涓囦嚎鍝堝笇鏁般€傛垜浠篃鍙互瀵规瘡澶╃殑鏁版嵁鍋氬悓鏍风殑缁冧範锛屼互浜х敓鏇寸粏寰殑璁$畻銆?/p>杩戝勾鏉ワ紝鏈夎澶氫汉澹扮О姣旂壒甯佸拰閫氳繃SHA-256宸ヤ綔璇佹槑淇濇姢缃戠粶鐨勭熆宸ユ秷鑰椾簡杩囧鐨勮兘閲忋€?/div>
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TWh锛夊拰鍩轰簬鐗╃悊鐨勪及绠楋紙40.17 TWh锛夆€斺€斿湪鏁板€间笂闈炲父鐩镐技</strong>銆傚畠浠篃灞炰簬鐢卞€煎緱娉ㄦ剰鐨勪釜浜恒€佸疄浣撳拰鏈烘瀯鎵€浣滅殑鍚勭鍏朵粬娴佽浼拌鐨勮寖鍥达紝濡備笅琛ㄦ墍绀恒€傛墍鏈夎繖浜涗及璁¢噺閮界浉褰撶浉浼硷紝杩欎娇寰楀悇绉嶄笉鍚岀殑浼拌浜哄憳浠ュ強鎵€浣跨敤鐨勫悇绉嶆柟娉曞拰涓嶅悓鍋囪鍏锋湁鍙俊鎬с€?/p>鍊煎緱娉ㄦ剰鐨勬槸锛氭瘮鐗瑰竵缃戠粶绠楀姏锛圗H/s锛変技涔庡紑濮嬩笌涓€鑸殑骞村害鑳介噺锛圱Wh/year锛変及璁¤秼鍔胯劚閽┿€傚鏋滄槸鍩轰簬鐗╃悊鐨勪及璁★紝杩欏彲鑳芥槸鐢变簬SHA-256 ASIC鎸栫熆璁惧鐨勭儹鐜囦笅闄嶏紝濡傛灉鏄熀浜庣粡娴庡鐨勪及璁★紝鎴栫敱浜庡噺鍗婂拰浠锋牸鍋滄粸銆?/p>涓婇潰鐨勫浘琛ㄦ樉绀轰簡鍙戝竷鏃剁殑骞村害鑳芥簮浼扮畻蹇収锛圱Wh/year锛夛紝浣嗗叾涓竴浜涙潵婧愶紙鍓戞ˉ澶у[C-BECI]鍜孉lex de Vries [D-BECI]锛夊疄闄呬笂鍦ㄥ嚑骞村墠鐨勬瘡鏃ュ浘琛ㄤ笂鍙戝竷浜嗚繖浜涘勾搴︿及绠椼€傝繖鍙堝洖鍒颁簡鍓嶉潰鍏充簬鑳介噺涓庤兘閲忕殑璁ㄨ锛氶€昏緫搴旇闃叉鍦ㄦ棩杞翠笂缁樺埗骞村害鑳介噺浼扮畻銆?/p>鏃犺濡備綍锛屾垜璁や负鏈夊繀瑕佸皢杩欎簺宸插叕甯冪殑浼拌鏁版嵁涓庢垜浠娇鐢ㄦ洿杩炵画鐨勬椂闂村簭鍒楁暟鎹紙鍥炴函鍒?017骞村簳锛堜箣鍓嶇殑甯傚満鍘嗗彶楂樼偣锛夛級杩涜姣旇緝銆傜粡娴庡拰鐗╃悊璁$畻锛屽墤妗ョ殑浼拌锛屼互鍙奃igiconomist鐨勭粨鏋滃湪鏃堕棿涓婇兘鏄浉褰撶浉浼肩殑锛岃繖浜涗笉鍚岀殑浼拌鎶€鏈紝鍐嶄竴娆″鍔犱簡涓€浜涘悓琛屽鏌ュ拰鏈夋晥鎬с€?/p>浠殑涓婅堪浼扮畻鏂规硶浼间箮涓庡叾浠栧悇绉嶆瘡鏃ラ棿闅旂殑骞村害鑳介噺浼扮畻寰堝ソ鍦颁竴鑷达紝鍥犳瀹冧滑琚钩鍧囧湪涓€璧凤紝鍒涘缓浜嗕竴绉嶅鍚堟瘮鐗瑰竵鑳介噺鎸囨暟锛圕BEI锛夛紝濡備笅闈㈢殑TWh/year鎵€绀恒€傛瘡涓€绉嶄及璁¢兘鏈変笉鍚岀殑鍋囪锛屼笉鍚岀殑姘村钩鍜屼笉鍑嗙‘鎬ф潵婧愶紝鍥犳瀹冧滑鐨勭粍鍚堝彲鑳芥洿鍑嗙‘銆傝繖涓鍚堜及绠楋紙CBEI锛夋渶杩戝垰鍒氶噸鏂版祴璇曚簡姣旂壒甯佹瘡骞寸綉缁滆兘婧愭秷鑰楁€婚噺鐨?0 TWh闃堝€笺€?/p>杩欎釜缁煎悎鑳介噺鎸囨暟涓庢瘮鐗瑰竵缃戠粶闅忔椂闂寸殑绠楀姏鐩告瘮濡備綍锛熷湪2019骞村垵鍓嶅悗锛孋BEI鏄剧ず鍑虹被浼肩殑鑴遍挬鐜拌薄锛岀畻鍔涘拰鑳芥簮缁х画涓婂崌锛岃兘婧愭秷鑰椾繚鎸佺浉瀵圭ǔ瀹氾紝ASIC鐑巼鍜屾瘮鐗瑰竵鎸栫熆婵€鍔卞凡缁忔敹缂┿€?/p>鏈夎叮鐨勬槸锛屽揩鐓ф瘮鐗瑰竵娑堣垂浼拌閫氬父鏄鎺ㄥ叏骞寸殑锛屼互TWh/骞寸殑鑳介噺鍊艰〃绀猴紝娌℃湁鏀寔鏃堕棿鏁版嵁鎴栬瘉鎹€傛瘡鏃ョ殑缃戠粶鍔熺巼浼拌瑕佹瘮缁樺埗鍦ㄦ瘡鏃ュ浘琛ㄤ笂鐨勬墍鏈夎繖浜涘勾搴﹁兘婧愭秷鑰椾及璁℃洿鍙楁杩庛€傚浘琛ㄧ殑閿欒涔嬪鍦ㄤ簬璁╀汉浠ぇ閲忚瑙f暟鎹殑鎯婁汉鍥捐〃閿欒锛氫互鏃ヤ负杞寸粯鍒剁殑骞村害鑳芥簮浼拌鏁般€傚洜姝わ紝鎴戝啋鏄у湴灏嗚繖浜涙瘡鏃ラ棿闅斾及璁℃暟杞崲涓烘瘡鏃ュ姛鐜囦及璁℃暟鍥撅紝浠ョ籂姝d笂杩板鑷存暟鎹瑙g殑鍥捐〃閿欒銆?/p><strong>鎴戞彁鍑轰簡缁煎悎姣旂壒甯佸姛鐜囨寚鏁帮紙CBPI锛夌紪璇戜粠D-BECI鍜屾渶灏忓€硷紝C-BECI鏈€澶у€硷紝鏈€灏忓€煎拰浼拌锛屼互鍙婃垜浠互涓婄殑缁忔祹瀛﹀拰鐗╃悊鍩虹涓婄殑浼拌</strong>銆?/p>杩欎釜CBPI缁勫悎浼拌姣旂壒甯佺殑鐬椂鐢ㄧ數閲忥紝鐢ㄧ摝鐗硅〃绀猴紝鐡︾壒鏄數鍔涚殑鍗曚綅銆侰BPI鐨勫嘲鍊兼渶杩戣揪鍒颁簡杩?.58 GW锛屾垨鑰呰鏄ぇ绾?鍙板痉缃楀畞鏃跺厜鏈虹殑1.21 GW銆?/p><strong>鐜涓殑CBPI</strong>杩欎箞澶х殑鑳介噺鍊兼槸寰堥毦鐞嗚В鐨勶紝鐗瑰埆鏄湪姣忓勾鐨勬儏鍐典笅锛屾墍浠ヨ鎴戜滑閫氳繃涓€浜涘揩閫熺殑姣旇緝鏉ユ纭湴鐪嬪緟杩欎簺浼扮畻锛?/p>閾惰绯荤粺娑堣€?50TWh/骞?/p>榛勯噾寮€閲?00 TWh/骞?/p>PC鍜屼富鏈烘父鎴?5 TWh/骞?/p>姣旂壒甯佹寲鐭匡紙CBEI锛?60 TWh/骞?/p>绾稿竵鍜岄摳甯?1 TWh/骞?/p>缇庡浗鍦h癁褰╃伅7TWh/骞?/p>鍩轰簬鎴戜滑浠ヤ笂鐨勪及璁★紝<strong>姣旂壒甯佺綉缁滃ぇ绾︽秷鑰?0鑷?0澶摝鏃?骞达紝鎴栫害0.15%鐨勫叏鐞冨勾鍙戠數閲忥紙26锛?00澶摝鏃讹級锛屽彧鏈夌害0.024%鐨勫叏鐞冩€昏兘婧愪骇閲忥紙14锛?21锛?51 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TWh锛夊拰鍩轰簬鐗╃悊鐨勪及绠楋紙40.17 TWh锛夆€斺€斿湪鏁板€间笂闈炲父鐩镐技</strong>銆傚畠浠篃灞炰簬鐢卞€煎緱娉ㄦ剰鐨勪釜浜恒€佸疄浣撳拰鏈烘瀯鎵€浣滅殑鍚勭鍏朵粬娴佽浼拌鐨勮寖鍥达紝濡備笅琛ㄦ墍绀恒€傛墍鏈夎繖浜涗及璁¢噺閮界浉褰撶浉浼硷紝杩欎娇寰楀悇绉嶄笉鍚岀殑浼拌浜哄憳浠ュ強鎵€浣跨敤鐨勫悇绉嶆柟娉曞拰涓嶅悓鍋囪鍏锋湁鍙俊鎬с€?/p>鍊煎緱娉ㄦ剰鐨勬槸锛氭瘮鐗瑰竵缃戠粶绠楀姏锛圗H/s锛変技涔庡紑濮嬩笌涓€鑸殑骞村害鑳介噺锛圱Wh/year锛変及璁¤秼鍔胯劚閽┿€傚鏋滄槸鍩轰簬鐗╃悊鐨勪及璁★紝杩欏彲鑳芥槸鐢变簬SHA-256 ASIC鎸栫熆璁惧鐨勭儹鐜囦笅闄嶏紝濡傛灉鏄熀浜庣粡娴庡鐨勪及璁★紝鎴栫敱浜庡噺鍗婂拰浠锋牸鍋滄粸銆?/p>涓婇潰鐨勫浘琛ㄦ樉绀轰簡鍙戝竷鏃剁殑骞村害鑳芥簮浼扮畻蹇収锛圱Wh/year锛夛紝浣嗗叾涓竴浜涙潵婧愶紙鍓戞ˉ澶у[C-BECI]鍜孉lex de Vries [D-BECI]锛夊疄闄呬笂鍦ㄥ嚑骞村墠鐨勬瘡鏃ュ浘琛ㄤ笂鍙戝竷浜嗚繖浜涘勾搴︿及绠椼€傝繖鍙堝洖鍒颁簡鍓嶉潰鍏充簬鑳介噺涓庤兘閲忕殑璁ㄨ锛氶€昏緫搴旇闃叉鍦ㄦ棩杞翠笂缁樺埗骞村害鑳介噺浼扮畻銆?/p>鏃犺濡備綍锛屾垜璁や负鏈夊繀瑕佸皢杩欎簺宸插叕甯冪殑浼拌鏁版嵁涓庢垜浠娇鐢ㄦ洿杩炵画鐨勬椂闂村簭鍒楁暟鎹紙鍥炴函鍒?017骞村簳锛堜箣鍓嶇殑甯傚満鍘嗗彶楂樼偣锛夛級杩涜姣旇緝銆傜粡娴庡拰鐗╃悊璁$畻锛屽墤妗ョ殑浼拌锛屼互鍙奃igiconomist鐨勭粨鏋滃湪鏃堕棿涓婇兘鏄浉褰撶浉浼肩殑锛岃繖浜涗笉鍚岀殑浼拌鎶€鏈紝鍐嶄竴娆″鍔犱簡涓€浜涘悓琛屽鏌ュ拰鏈夋晥鎬с€?/p>浠殑涓婅堪浼扮畻鏂规硶浼间箮涓庡叾浠栧悇绉嶆瘡鏃ラ棿闅旂殑骞村害鑳介噺浼扮畻寰堝ソ鍦颁竴鑷达紝鍥犳瀹冧滑琚钩鍧囧湪涓€璧凤紝鍒涘缓浜嗕竴绉嶅鍚堟瘮鐗瑰竵鑳介噺鎸囨暟锛圕BEI锛夛紝濡備笅闈㈢殑TWh/year鎵€绀恒€傛瘡涓€绉嶄及璁¢兘鏈変笉鍚岀殑鍋囪锛屼笉鍚岀殑姘村钩鍜屼笉鍑嗙‘鎬ф潵婧愶紝鍥犳瀹冧滑鐨勭粍鍚堝彲鑳芥洿鍑嗙‘銆傝繖涓鍚堜及绠楋紙CBEI锛夋渶杩戝垰鍒氶噸鏂版祴璇曚簡姣旂壒甯佹瘡骞寸綉缁滆兘婧愭秷鑰楁€婚噺鐨?0 TWh闃堝€笺€?/p>杩欎釜缁煎悎鑳介噺鎸囨暟涓庢瘮鐗瑰竵缃戠粶闅忔椂闂寸殑绠楀姏鐩告瘮濡備綍锛熷湪2019骞村垵鍓嶅悗锛孋BEI鏄剧ず鍑虹被浼肩殑鑴遍挬鐜拌薄锛岀畻鍔涘拰鑳芥簮缁х画涓婂崌锛岃兘婧愭秷鑰椾繚鎸佺浉瀵圭ǔ瀹氾紝ASIC鐑巼鍜屾瘮鐗瑰竵鎸栫熆婵€鍔卞凡缁忔敹缂┿€?/p>鏈夎叮鐨勬槸锛屽揩鐓ф瘮鐗瑰竵娑堣垂浼拌閫氬父鏄鎺ㄥ叏骞寸殑锛屼互TWh/骞寸殑鑳介噺鍊艰〃绀猴紝娌℃湁鏀寔鏃堕棿鏁版嵁鎴栬瘉鎹€傛瘡鏃ョ殑缃戠粶鍔熺巼浼拌瑕佹瘮缁樺埗鍦ㄦ瘡鏃ュ浘琛ㄤ笂鐨勬墍鏈夎繖浜涘勾搴﹁兘婧愭秷鑰椾及璁℃洿鍙楁杩庛€傚浘琛ㄧ殑閿欒涔嬪鍦ㄤ簬璁╀汉浠ぇ閲忚瑙f暟鎹殑鎯婁汉鍥捐〃閿欒锛氫互鏃ヤ负杞寸粯鍒剁殑骞村害鑳芥簮浼拌鏁般€傚洜姝わ紝鎴戝啋鏄у湴灏嗚繖浜涙瘡鏃ラ棿闅斾及璁℃暟杞崲涓烘瘡鏃ュ姛鐜囦及璁℃暟鍥撅紝浠ョ籂姝d笂杩板鑷存暟鎹瑙g殑鍥捐〃閿欒銆?/p><strong>鎴戞彁鍑轰簡缁煎悎姣旂壒甯佸姛鐜囨寚鏁帮紙CBPI锛夌紪璇戜粠D-BECI鍜屾渶灏忓€硷紝C-BECI鏈€澶у€硷紝鏈€灏忓€煎拰浼拌锛屼互鍙婃垜浠互涓婄殑缁忔祹瀛﹀拰鐗╃悊鍩虹涓婄殑浼拌</strong>銆?/p>杩欎釜CBPI缁勫悎浼拌姣旂壒甯佺殑鐬椂鐢ㄧ數閲忥紝鐢ㄧ摝鐗硅〃绀猴紝鐡︾壒鏄數鍔涚殑鍗曚綅銆侰BPI鐨勫嘲鍊兼渶杩戣揪鍒颁簡杩?.58 GW锛屾垨鑰呰鏄ぇ绾?鍙板痉缃楀畞鏃跺厜鏈虹殑1.21 GW銆?/p><strong>鐜涓殑CBPI</strong>杩欎箞澶х殑鑳介噺鍊兼槸寰堥毦鐞嗚В鐨勶紝鐗瑰埆鏄湪姣忓勾鐨勬儏鍐典笅锛屾墍浠ヨ鎴戜滑閫氳繃涓€浜涘揩閫熺殑姣旇緝鏉ユ纭湴鐪嬪緟杩欎簺浼扮畻锛?/p>閾惰绯荤粺娑堣€?50TWh/骞?/p>榛勯噾寮€閲?00 TWh/骞?/p>PC鍜屼富鏈烘父鎴?5 TWh/骞?/p>姣旂壒甯佹寲鐭匡紙CBEI锛?60 TWh/骞?/p>绾稿竵鍜岄摳甯?1 TWh/骞?/p>缇庡浗鍦h癁褰╃伅7TWh/骞?/p>鍩轰簬鎴戜滑浠ヤ笂鐨勪及璁★紝<strong>姣旂壒甯佺綉缁滃ぇ绾︽秷鑰?0鑷?0澶摝鏃?骞达紝鎴栫害0.15%鐨勫叏鐞冨勾鍙戠數閲忥紙26锛?00澶摝鏃讹級锛屽彧鏈夌害0.024%鐨勫叏鐞冩€昏兘婧愪骇閲忥紙14锛?21锛?51 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TWh闃堝€笺€?/p>杩欎釜缁煎悎鑳介噺鎸囨暟涓庢瘮鐗瑰竵缃戠粶闅忔椂闂寸殑绠楀姏鐩告瘮濡備綍锛熷湪2019骞村垵鍓嶅悗锛孋BEI鏄剧ず鍑虹被浼肩殑鑴遍挬鐜拌薄锛岀畻鍔涘拰鑳芥簮缁х画涓婂崌锛岃兘婧愭秷鑰椾繚鎸佺浉瀵圭ǔ瀹氾紝ASIC鐑巼鍜屾瘮鐗瑰竵鎸栫熆婵€鍔卞凡缁忔敹缂┿€?/p>鏈夎叮鐨勬槸锛屽揩鐓ф瘮鐗瑰竵娑堣垂浼拌閫氬父鏄鎺ㄥ叏骞寸殑锛屼互TWh/骞寸殑鑳介噺鍊艰〃绀猴紝娌℃湁鏀寔鏃堕棿鏁版嵁鎴栬瘉鎹€傛瘡鏃ョ殑缃戠粶鍔熺巼浼拌瑕佹瘮缁樺埗鍦ㄦ瘡鏃ュ浘琛ㄤ笂鐨勬墍鏈夎繖浜涘勾搴﹁兘婧愭秷鑰椾及璁℃洿鍙楁杩庛€傚浘琛ㄧ殑閿欒涔嬪鍦ㄤ簬璁╀汉浠ぇ閲忚瑙f暟鎹殑鎯婁汉鍥捐〃閿欒锛氫互鏃ヤ负杞寸粯鍒剁殑骞村害鑳芥簮浼拌鏁般€傚洜姝わ紝鎴戝啋鏄у湴灏嗚繖浜涙瘡鏃ラ棿闅斾及璁℃暟杞崲涓烘瘡鏃ュ姛鐜囦及璁℃暟鍥撅紝浠ョ籂姝d笂杩板鑷存暟鎹瑙g殑鍥捐〃閿欒銆?/p><strong>鎴戞彁鍑轰簡缁煎悎姣旂壒甯佸姛鐜囨寚鏁帮紙CBPI锛夌紪璇戜粠D-BECI鍜屾渶灏忓€硷紝C-BECI鏈€澶у€硷紝鏈€灏忓€煎拰浼拌锛屼互鍙婃垜浠互涓婄殑缁忔祹瀛﹀拰鐗╃悊鍩虹涓婄殑浼拌</strong>銆?/p>杩欎釜CBPI缁勫悎浼拌姣旂壒甯佺殑鐬椂鐢ㄧ數閲忥紝鐢ㄧ摝鐗硅〃绀猴紝鐡︾壒鏄數鍔涚殑鍗曚綅銆侰BPI鐨勫嘲鍊兼渶杩戣揪鍒颁簡杩?.58 GW锛屾垨鑰呰鏄ぇ绾?鍙板痉缃楀畞鏃跺厜鏈虹殑1.21 GW銆?/p><strong>鐜涓殑CBPI</strong>杩欎箞澶х殑鑳介噺鍊兼槸寰堥毦鐞嗚В鐨勶紝鐗瑰埆鏄湪姣忓勾鐨勬儏鍐典笅锛屾墍浠ヨ鎴戜滑閫氳繃涓€浜涘揩閫熺殑姣旇緝鏉ユ纭湴鐪嬪緟杩欎簺浼扮畻锛?/p>閾惰绯荤粺娑堣€?50TWh/骞?/p>榛勯噾寮€閲?00 TWh/骞?/p>PC鍜屼富鏈烘父鎴?5 TWh/骞?/p>姣旂壒甯佹寲鐭匡紙CBEI锛?60 TWh/骞?/p>绾稿竵鍜岄摳甯?1 TWh/骞?/p>缇庡浗鍦h癁褰╃伅7TWh/骞?/p>鍩轰簬鎴戜滑浠ヤ笂鐨勪及璁★紝<strong>姣旂壒甯佺綉缁滃ぇ绾︽秷鑰?0鑷?0澶摝鏃?骞达紝鎴栫害0.15%鐨勫叏鐞冨勾鍙戠數閲忥紙26锛?00澶摝鏃讹級锛屽彧鏈夌害0.024%鐨勫叏鐞冩€昏兘婧愪骇閲忥紙14锛?21锛?51 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TWh闃堝€笺€?/p>杩欎釜缁煎悎鑳介噺鎸囨暟涓庢瘮鐗瑰竵缃戠粶闅忔椂闂寸殑绠楀姏鐩告瘮濡備綍锛熷湪2019骞村垵鍓嶅悗锛孋BEI鏄剧ず鍑虹被浼肩殑鑴遍挬鐜拌薄锛岀畻鍔涘拰鑳芥簮缁х画涓婂崌锛岃兘婧愭秷鑰椾繚鎸佺浉瀵圭ǔ瀹氾紝ASIC鐑巼鍜屾瘮鐗瑰竵鎸栫熆婵€鍔卞凡缁忔敹缂┿€?/p>鏈夎叮鐨勬槸锛屽揩鐓ф瘮鐗瑰竵娑堣垂浼拌閫氬父鏄鎺ㄥ叏骞寸殑锛屼互TWh/骞寸殑鑳介噺鍊艰〃绀猴紝娌℃湁鏀寔鏃堕棿鏁版嵁鎴栬瘉鎹€傛瘡鏃ョ殑缃戠粶鍔熺巼浼拌瑕佹瘮缁樺埗鍦ㄦ瘡鏃ュ浘琛ㄤ笂鐨勬墍鏈夎繖浜涘勾搴﹁兘婧愭秷鑰椾及璁℃洿鍙楁杩庛€傚浘琛ㄧ殑閿欒涔嬪鍦ㄤ簬璁╀汉浠ぇ閲忚瑙f暟鎹殑鎯婁汉鍥捐〃閿欒锛氫互鏃ヤ负杞寸粯鍒剁殑骞村害鑳芥簮浼拌鏁般€傚洜姝わ紝鎴戝啋鏄у湴灏嗚繖浜涙瘡鏃ラ棿闅斾及璁℃暟杞崲涓烘瘡鏃ュ姛鐜囦及璁℃暟鍥撅紝浠ョ籂姝d笂杩板鑷存暟鎹瑙g殑鍥捐〃閿欒銆?/p><strong>鎴戞彁鍑轰簡缁煎悎姣旂壒甯佸姛鐜囨寚鏁帮紙CBPI锛夌紪璇戜粠D-BECI鍜屾渶灏忓€硷紝C-BECI鏈€澶у€硷紝鏈€灏忓€煎拰浼拌锛屼互鍙婃垜浠互涓婄殑缁忔祹瀛﹀拰鐗╃悊鍩虹涓婄殑浼拌</strong>銆?/p>杩欎釜CBPI缁勫悎浼拌姣旂壒甯佺殑鐬椂鐢ㄧ數閲忥紝鐢ㄧ摝鐗硅〃绀猴紝鐡︾壒鏄數鍔涚殑鍗曚綅銆侰BPI鐨勫嘲鍊兼渶杩戣揪鍒颁簡杩?.58 GW锛屾垨鑰呰鏄ぇ绾?鍙板痉缃楀畞鏃跺厜鏈虹殑1.21 GW銆?/p><strong>鐜涓殑CBPI</strong>杩欎箞澶х殑鑳介噺鍊兼槸寰堥毦鐞嗚В鐨勶紝鐗瑰埆鏄湪姣忓勾鐨勬儏鍐典笅锛屾墍浠ヨ鎴戜滑閫氳繃涓€浜涘揩閫熺殑姣旇緝鏉ユ纭湴鐪嬪緟杩欎簺浼扮畻锛?/p>閾惰绯荤粺娑堣€?50TWh/骞?/p>榛勯噾寮€閲?00 TWh/骞?/p>PC鍜屼富鏈烘父鎴?5 TWh/骞?/p>姣旂壒甯佹寲鐭匡紙CBEI锛?60 TWh/骞?/p>绾稿竵鍜岄摳甯?1 TWh/骞?/p>缇庡浗鍦h癁褰╃伅7TWh/骞?/p>鍩轰簬鎴戜滑浠ヤ笂鐨勪及璁★紝<strong>姣旂壒甯佺綉缁滃ぇ绾︽秷鑰?0鑷?0澶摝鏃?骞达紝鎴栫害0.15%鐨勫叏鐞冨勾鍙戠數閲忥紙26锛?00澶摝鏃讹級锛屽彧鏈夌害0.024%鐨勫叏鐞冩€昏兘婧愪骇閲忥紙14锛?21锛?51 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TWh锛夊拰鍩轰簬鐗╃悊鐨勪及绠楋紙40.17 TWh锛夆€斺€斿湪鏁板€间笂闈炲父鐩镐技</strong>銆傚畠浠篃灞炰簬鐢卞€煎緱娉ㄦ剰鐨勪釜浜恒€佸疄浣撳拰鏈烘瀯鎵€浣滅殑鍚勭鍏朵粬娴佽浼拌鐨勮寖鍥达紝濡備笅琛ㄦ墍绀恒€傛墍鏈夎繖浜涗及璁¢噺閮界浉褰撶浉浼硷紝杩欎娇寰楀悇绉嶄笉鍚岀殑浼拌浜哄憳浠ュ強鎵€浣跨敤鐨勫悇绉嶆柟娉曞拰涓嶅悓鍋囪鍏锋湁鍙俊鎬с€?/p>鍊煎緱娉ㄦ剰鐨勬槸锛氭瘮鐗瑰竵缃戠粶绠楀姏锛圗H/s锛変技涔庡紑濮嬩笌涓€鑸殑骞村害鑳介噺锛圱Wh/year锛変及璁¤秼鍔胯劚閽┿€傚鏋滄槸鍩轰簬鐗╃悊鐨勪及璁★紝杩欏彲鑳芥槸鐢变簬SHA-256 ASIC鎸栫熆璁惧鐨勭儹鐜囦笅闄嶏紝濡傛灉鏄熀浜庣粡娴庡鐨勪及璁★紝鎴栫敱浜庡噺鍗婂拰浠锋牸鍋滄粸銆?/p>涓婇潰鐨勫浘琛ㄦ樉绀轰簡鍙戝竷鏃剁殑骞村害鑳芥簮浼扮畻蹇収锛圱Wh/year锛夛紝浣嗗叾涓竴浜涙潵婧愶紙鍓戞ˉ澶у[C-BECI]鍜孉lex de Vries [D-BECI]锛夊疄闄呬笂鍦ㄥ嚑骞村墠鐨勬瘡鏃ュ浘琛ㄤ笂鍙戝竷浜嗚繖浜涘勾搴︿及绠椼€傝繖鍙堝洖鍒颁簡鍓嶉潰鍏充簬鑳介噺涓庤兘閲忕殑璁ㄨ锛氶€昏緫搴旇闃叉鍦ㄦ棩杞翠笂缁樺埗骞村害鑳介噺浼扮畻銆?/p>鏃犺濡備綍锛屾垜璁や负鏈夊繀瑕佸皢杩欎簺宸插叕甯冪殑浼拌鏁版嵁涓庢垜浠娇鐢ㄦ洿杩炵画鐨勬椂闂村簭鍒楁暟鎹紙鍥炴函鍒?017骞村簳锛堜箣鍓嶇殑甯傚満鍘嗗彶楂樼偣锛夛級杩涜姣旇緝銆傜粡娴庡拰鐗╃悊璁$畻锛屽墤妗ョ殑浼拌锛屼互鍙奃igiconomist鐨勭粨鏋滃湪鏃堕棿涓婇兘鏄浉褰撶浉浼肩殑锛岃繖浜涗笉鍚岀殑浼拌鎶€鏈紝鍐嶄竴娆″鍔犱簡涓€浜涘悓琛屽鏌ュ拰鏈夋晥鎬с€?/p>浠殑涓婅堪浼扮畻鏂规硶浼间箮涓庡叾浠栧悇绉嶆瘡鏃ラ棿闅旂殑骞村害鑳介噺浼扮畻寰堝ソ鍦颁竴鑷达紝鍥犳瀹冧滑琚钩鍧囧湪涓€璧凤紝鍒涘缓浜嗕竴绉嶅鍚堟瘮鐗瑰竵鑳介噺鎸囨暟锛圕BEI锛夛紝濡備笅闈㈢殑TWh/year鎵€绀恒€傛瘡涓€绉嶄及璁¢兘鏈変笉鍚岀殑鍋囪锛屼笉鍚岀殑姘村钩鍜屼笉鍑嗙‘鎬ф潵婧愶紝鍥犳瀹冧滑鐨勭粍鍚堝彲鑳芥洿鍑嗙‘銆傝繖涓鍚堜及绠楋紙CBEI锛夋渶杩戝垰鍒氶噸鏂版祴璇曚簡姣旂壒甯佹瘡骞寸綉缁滆兘婧愭秷鑰楁€婚噺鐨?0 TWh闃堝€笺€?/p>杩欎釜缁煎悎鑳介噺鎸囨暟涓庢瘮鐗瑰竵缃戠粶闅忔椂闂寸殑绠楀姏鐩告瘮濡備綍锛熷湪2019骞村垵鍓嶅悗锛孋BEI鏄剧ず鍑虹被浼肩殑鑴遍挬鐜拌薄锛岀畻鍔涘拰鑳芥簮缁х画涓婂崌锛岃兘婧愭秷鑰椾繚鎸佺浉瀵圭ǔ瀹氾紝ASIC鐑巼鍜屾瘮鐗瑰竵鎸栫熆婵€鍔卞凡缁忔敹缂┿€?/p>鏈夎叮鐨勬槸锛屽揩鐓ф瘮鐗瑰竵娑堣垂浼拌閫氬父鏄鎺ㄥ叏骞寸殑锛屼互TWh/骞寸殑鑳介噺鍊艰〃绀猴紝娌℃湁鏀寔鏃堕棿鏁版嵁鎴栬瘉鎹€傛瘡鏃ョ殑缃戠粶鍔熺巼浼拌瑕佹瘮缁樺埗鍦ㄦ瘡鏃ュ浘琛ㄤ笂鐨勬墍鏈夎繖浜涘勾搴﹁兘婧愭秷鑰椾及璁℃洿鍙楁杩庛€傚浘琛ㄧ殑閿欒涔嬪鍦ㄤ簬璁╀汉浠ぇ閲忚瑙f暟鎹殑鎯婁汉鍥捐〃閿欒锛氫互鏃ヤ负杞寸粯鍒剁殑骞村害鑳芥簮浼拌鏁般€傚洜姝わ紝鎴戝啋鏄у湴灏嗚繖浜涙瘡鏃ラ棿闅斾及璁℃暟杞崲涓烘瘡鏃ュ姛鐜囦及璁℃暟鍥撅紝浠ョ籂姝d笂杩板鑷存暟鎹瑙g殑鍥捐〃閿欒銆?/p><strong>鎴戞彁鍑轰簡缁煎悎姣旂壒甯佸姛鐜囨寚鏁帮紙CBPI锛夌紪璇戜粠D-BECI鍜屾渶灏忓€硷紝C-BECI鏈€澶у€硷紝鏈€灏忓€煎拰浼拌锛屼互鍙婃垜浠互涓婄殑缁忔祹瀛﹀拰鐗╃悊鍩虹涓婄殑浼拌</strong>銆?/p>杩欎釜CBPI缁勫悎浼拌姣旂壒甯佺殑鐬椂鐢ㄧ數閲忥紝鐢ㄧ摝鐗硅〃绀猴紝鐡︾壒鏄數鍔涚殑鍗曚綅銆侰BPI鐨勫嘲鍊兼渶杩戣揪鍒颁簡杩?.58 GW锛屾垨鑰呰鏄ぇ绾?鍙板痉缃楀畞鏃跺厜鏈虹殑1.21 GW銆?/p><strong>鐜涓殑CBPI</strong>杩欎箞澶х殑鑳介噺鍊兼槸寰堥毦鐞嗚В鐨勶紝鐗瑰埆鏄湪姣忓勾鐨勬儏鍐典笅锛屾墍浠ヨ鎴戜滑閫氳繃涓€浜涘揩閫熺殑姣旇緝鏉ユ纭湴鐪嬪緟杩欎簺浼扮畻锛?/p>閾惰绯荤粺娑堣€?50TWh/骞?/p>榛勯噾寮€閲?00 TWh/骞?/p>PC鍜屼富鏈烘父鎴?5 TWh/骞?/p>姣旂壒甯佹寲鐭匡紙CBEI锛?60 TWh/骞?/p>绾稿竵鍜岄摳甯?1 TWh/骞?/p>缇庡浗鍦h癁褰╃伅7TWh/骞?/p>鍩轰簬鎴戜滑浠ヤ笂鐨勪及璁★紝<strong>姣旂壒甯佺綉缁滃ぇ绾︽秷鑰?0鑷?0澶摝鏃?骞达紝鎴栫害0.15%鐨勫叏鐞冨勾鍙戠數閲忥紙26锛?00澶摝鏃讹級锛屽彧鏈夌害0.024%鐨勫叏鐞冩€昏兘婧愪骇閲忥紙14锛?21锛?51 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                            澹版槑锛氭鏂囧嚭浜庝紶閫掓洿澶氫俊鎭箣鐩殑锛屽苟涓嶆剰鍛崇潃璧炲悓鍏惰鐐规垨璇佸疄鍏舵弿杩般€傛湰缃戠珯鎵€鎻愪緵鐨勪俊鎭紝鍙緵鍙傝€冧箣鐢ㄣ€?/p>浠殑涓婅堪浼扮畻鏂规硶浼间箮涓庡叾浠栧悇绉嶆瘡鏃ラ棿闅旂殑骞村害鑳介噺浼扮畻寰堝ソ鍦颁竴鑷达紝鍥犳瀹冧滑琚钩鍧囧湪涓€璧凤紝鍒涘缓浜嗕竴绉嶅鍚堟瘮鐗瑰竵鑳介噺鎸囨暟锛圕BEI锛夛紝濡備笅闈㈢殑TWh/year鎵€绀恒€傛瘡涓€绉嶄及璁¢兘鏈変笉鍚岀殑鍋囪锛屼笉鍚岀殑姘村钩鍜屼笉鍑嗙‘鎬ф潵婧愶紝鍥犳瀹冧滑鐨勭粍鍚堝彲鑳芥洿鍑嗙‘銆傝繖涓鍚堜及绠楋紙CBEI锛夋渶杩戝垰鍒氶噸鏂版祴璇曚簡姣旂壒甯佹瘡骞寸綉缁滆兘婧愭秷鑰楁€婚噺鐨?0 TWh闃堝€笺€?/p>杩戝勾鏉ワ紝鏈夎澶氫汉澹扮О姣旂壒甯佸拰閫氳繃SHA-256宸ヤ綔璇佹槑淇濇姢缃戠粶鐨勭熆宸ユ秷鑰椾簡杩囧鐨勮兘閲忋€?/div>
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TWh锛夊拰鍩轰簬鐗╃悊鐨勪及绠楋紙40.17 TWh锛夆€斺€斿湪鏁板€间笂闈炲父鐩镐技</strong>銆傚畠浠篃灞炰簬鐢卞€煎緱娉ㄦ剰鐨勪釜浜恒€佸疄浣撳拰鏈烘瀯鎵€浣滅殑鍚勭鍏朵粬娴佽浼拌鐨勮寖鍥达紝濡備笅琛ㄦ墍绀恒€傛墍鏈夎繖浜涗及璁¢噺閮界浉褰撶浉浼硷紝杩欎娇寰楀悇绉嶄笉鍚岀殑浼拌浜哄憳浠ュ強鎵€浣跨敤鐨勫悇绉嶆柟娉曞拰涓嶅悓鍋囪鍏锋湁鍙俊鎬с€?/p>鍊煎緱娉ㄦ剰鐨勬槸锛氭瘮鐗瑰竵缃戠粶绠楀姏锛圗H/s锛変技涔庡紑濮嬩笌涓€鑸殑骞村害鑳介噺锛圱Wh/year锛変及璁¤秼鍔胯劚閽┿€傚鏋滄槸鍩轰簬鐗╃悊鐨勪及璁★紝杩欏彲鑳芥槸鐢变簬SHA-256 ASIC鎸栫熆璁惧鐨勭儹鐜囦笅闄嶏紝濡傛灉鏄熀浜庣粡娴庡鐨勪及璁★紝鎴栫敱浜庡噺鍗婂拰浠锋牸鍋滄粸銆?/p>涓婇潰鐨勫浘琛ㄦ樉绀轰簡鍙戝竷鏃剁殑骞村害鑳芥簮浼扮畻蹇収锛圱Wh/year锛夛紝浣嗗叾涓竴浜涙潵婧愶紙鍓戞ˉ澶у[C-BECI]鍜孉lex de Vries [D-BECI]锛夊疄闄呬笂鍦ㄥ嚑骞村墠鐨勬瘡鏃ュ浘琛ㄤ笂鍙戝竷浜嗚繖浜涘勾搴︿及绠椼€傝繖鍙堝洖鍒颁簡鍓嶉潰鍏充簬鑳介噺涓庤兘閲忕殑璁ㄨ锛氶€昏緫搴旇闃叉鍦ㄦ棩杞翠笂缁樺埗骞村害鑳介噺浼扮畻銆?/p>鏃犺濡備綍锛屾垜璁や负鏈夊繀瑕佸皢杩欎簺宸插叕甯冪殑浼拌鏁版嵁涓庢垜浠娇鐢ㄦ洿杩炵画鐨勬椂闂村簭鍒楁暟鎹紙鍥炴函鍒?017骞村簳锛堜箣鍓嶇殑甯傚満鍘嗗彶楂樼偣锛夛級杩涜姣旇緝銆傜粡娴庡拰鐗╃悊璁$畻锛屽墤妗ョ殑浼拌锛屼互鍙奃igiconomist鐨勭粨鏋滃湪鏃堕棿涓婇兘鏄浉褰撶浉浼肩殑锛岃繖浜涗笉鍚岀殑浼拌鎶€鏈紝鍐嶄竴娆″鍔犱簡涓€浜涘悓琛屽鏌ュ拰鏈夋晥鎬с€?/p>浠殑涓婅堪浼扮畻鏂规硶浼间箮涓庡叾浠栧悇绉嶆瘡鏃ラ棿闅旂殑骞村害鑳介噺浼扮畻寰堝ソ鍦颁竴鑷达紝鍥犳瀹冧滑琚钩鍧囧湪涓€璧凤紝鍒涘缓浜嗕竴绉嶅鍚堟瘮鐗瑰竵鑳介噺鎸囨暟锛圕BEI锛夛紝濡備笅闈㈢殑TWh/year鎵€绀恒€傛瘡涓€绉嶄及璁¢兘鏈変笉鍚岀殑鍋囪锛屼笉鍚岀殑姘村钩鍜屼笉鍑嗙‘鎬ф潵婧愶紝鍥犳瀹冧滑鐨勭粍鍚堝彲鑳芥洿鍑嗙‘銆傝繖涓鍚堜及绠楋紙CBEI锛夋渶杩戝垰鍒氶噸鏂版祴璇曚簡姣旂壒甯佹瘡骞寸綉缁滆兘婧愭秷鑰楁€婚噺鐨?0 TWh闃堝€笺€?/p>杩欎釜缁煎悎鑳介噺鎸囨暟涓庢瘮鐗瑰竵缃戠粶闅忔椂闂寸殑绠楀姏鐩告瘮濡備綍锛熷湪2019骞村垵鍓嶅悗锛孋BEI鏄剧ず鍑虹被浼肩殑鑴遍挬鐜拌薄锛岀畻鍔涘拰鑳芥簮缁х画涓婂崌锛岃兘婧愭秷鑰椾繚鎸佺浉瀵圭ǔ瀹氾紝ASIC鐑巼鍜屾瘮鐗瑰竵鎸栫熆婵€鍔卞凡缁忔敹缂┿€?/p>鏈夎叮鐨勬槸锛屽揩鐓ф瘮鐗瑰竵娑堣垂浼拌閫氬父鏄鎺ㄥ叏骞寸殑锛屼互TWh/骞寸殑鑳介噺鍊艰〃绀猴紝娌℃湁鏀寔鏃堕棿鏁版嵁鎴栬瘉鎹€傛瘡鏃ョ殑缃戠粶鍔熺巼浼拌瑕佹瘮缁樺埗鍦ㄦ瘡鏃ュ浘琛ㄤ笂鐨勬墍鏈夎繖浜涘勾搴﹁兘婧愭秷鑰椾及璁℃洿鍙楁杩庛€傚浘琛ㄧ殑閿欒涔嬪鍦ㄤ簬璁╀汉浠ぇ閲忚瑙f暟鎹殑鎯婁汉鍥捐〃閿欒锛氫互鏃ヤ负杞寸粯鍒剁殑骞村害鑳芥簮浼拌鏁般€傚洜姝わ紝鎴戝啋鏄у湴灏嗚繖浜涙瘡鏃ラ棿闅斾及璁℃暟杞崲涓烘瘡鏃ュ姛鐜囦及璁℃暟鍥撅紝浠ョ籂姝d笂杩板鑷存暟鎹瑙g殑鍥捐〃閿欒銆?/p><strong>鎴戞彁鍑轰簡缁煎悎姣旂壒甯佸姛鐜囨寚鏁帮紙CBPI锛夌紪璇戜粠D-BECI鍜屾渶灏忓€硷紝C-BECI鏈€澶у€硷紝鏈€灏忓€煎拰浼拌锛屼互鍙婃垜浠互涓婄殑缁忔祹瀛﹀拰鐗╃悊鍩虹涓婄殑浼拌</strong>銆?/p>杩欎釜CBPI缁勫悎浼拌姣旂壒甯佺殑鐬椂鐢ㄧ數閲忥紝鐢ㄧ摝鐗硅〃绀猴紝鐡︾壒鏄數鍔涚殑鍗曚綅銆侰BPI鐨勫嘲鍊兼渶杩戣揪鍒颁簡杩?.58 GW锛屾垨鑰呰鏄ぇ绾?鍙板痉缃楀畞鏃跺厜鏈虹殑1.21 GW銆?/p><strong>鐜涓殑CBPI</strong>杩欎箞澶х殑鑳介噺鍊兼槸寰堥毦鐞嗚В鐨勶紝鐗瑰埆鏄湪姣忓勾鐨勬儏鍐典笅锛屾墍浠ヨ鎴戜滑閫氳繃涓€浜涘揩閫熺殑姣旇緝鏉ユ纭湴鐪嬪緟杩欎簺浼扮畻锛?/p>閾惰绯荤粺娑堣€?50TWh/骞?/p>榛勯噾寮€閲?00 TWh/骞?/p>PC鍜屼富鏈烘父鎴?5 TWh/骞?/p>姣旂壒甯佹寲鐭匡紙CBEI锛?60 TWh/骞?/p>绾稿竵鍜岄摳甯?1 TWh/骞?/p>缇庡浗鍦h癁褰╃伅7TWh/骞?/p>鍩轰簬鎴戜滑浠ヤ笂鐨勪及璁★紝<strong>姣旂壒甯佺綉缁滃ぇ绾︽秷鑰?0鑷?0澶摝鏃?骞达紝鎴栫害0.15%鐨勫叏鐞冨勾鍙戠數閲忥紙26锛?00澶摝鏃讹級锛屽彧鏈夌害0.024%鐨勫叏鐞冩€昏兘婧愪骇閲忥紙14锛?21锛?51 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                            澹版槑锛氭鏂囧嚭浜庝紶閫掓洿澶氫俊鎭箣鐩殑锛屽苟涓嶆剰鍛崇潃璧炲悓鍏惰鐐规垨璇佸疄鍏舵弿杩般€傛湰缃戠珯鎵€鎻愪緵鐨勪俊鎭紝鍙緵鍙傝€冧箣鐢ㄣ€?/p>鏈夎叮鐨勬槸锛屽揩鐓ф瘮鐗瑰竵娑堣垂浼拌閫氬父鏄鎺ㄥ叏骞寸殑锛屼互TWh/骞寸殑鑳介噺鍊艰〃绀猴紝娌℃湁鏀寔鏃堕棿鏁版嵁鎴栬瘉鎹€傛瘡鏃ョ殑缃戠粶鍔熺巼浼拌瑕佹瘮缁樺埗鍦ㄦ瘡鏃ュ浘琛ㄤ笂鐨勬墍鏈夎繖浜涘勾搴﹁兘婧愭秷鑰椾及璁℃洿鍙楁杩庛€傚浘琛ㄧ殑閿欒涔嬪鍦ㄤ簬璁╀汉浠ぇ閲忚瑙f暟鎹殑鎯婁汉鍥捐〃閿欒锛氫互鏃ヤ负杞寸粯鍒剁殑骞村害鑳芥簮浼拌鏁般€傚洜姝わ紝鎴戝啋鏄у湴灏嗚繖浜涙瘡鏃ラ棿闅斾及璁℃暟杞崲涓烘瘡鏃ュ姛鐜囦及璁℃暟鍥撅紝浠ョ籂姝d笂杩板鑷存暟鎹瑙g殑鍥捐〃閿欒銆?/p>鎴戞彁鍑轰簡缁煎悎姣旂壒甯佸姛鐜囨寚鏁帮紙CBPI锛夌紪璇戜粠D-BECI鍜屾渶灏忓€硷紝C-BECI鏈€澶у€硷紝鏈€灏忓€煎拰浼拌锛屼互鍙婃垜浠互涓婄殑缁忔祹瀛﹀拰鐗╃悊鍩虹涓婄殑浼拌銆?/p>杩欎釜CBPI缁勫悎浼拌姣旂壒甯佺殑鐬椂鐢ㄧ數閲忥紝鐢ㄧ摝鐗硅〃绀猴紝鐡︾壒鏄數鍔涚殑鍗曚綅銆侰BPI鐨勫嘲鍊兼渶杩戣揪鍒颁簡杩?.58 GW锛屾垨鑰呰鏄ぇ绾?鍙板痉缃楀畞鏃跺厜鏈虹殑1.21 GW銆?/p>鐜涓殑CBPI杩戝勾鏉ワ紝鏈夎澶氫汉澹扮О姣旂壒甯佸拰閫氳繃SHA-256宸ヤ綔璇佹槑淇濇姢缃戠粶鐨勭熆宸ユ秷鑰椾簡杩囧鐨勮兘閲忋€?/div>
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TWh锛夊拰鍩轰簬鐗╃悊鐨勪及绠楋紙40.17 TWh锛夆€斺€斿湪鏁板€间笂闈炲父鐩镐技</strong>銆傚畠浠篃灞炰簬鐢卞€煎緱娉ㄦ剰鐨勪釜浜恒€佸疄浣撳拰鏈烘瀯鎵€浣滅殑鍚勭鍏朵粬娴佽浼拌鐨勮寖鍥达紝濡備笅琛ㄦ墍绀恒€傛墍鏈夎繖浜涗及璁¢噺閮界浉褰撶浉浼硷紝杩欎娇寰楀悇绉嶄笉鍚岀殑浼拌浜哄憳浠ュ強鎵€浣跨敤鐨勫悇绉嶆柟娉曞拰涓嶅悓鍋囪鍏锋湁鍙俊鎬с€?/p>鍊煎緱娉ㄦ剰鐨勬槸锛氭瘮鐗瑰竵缃戠粶绠楀姏锛圗H/s锛変技涔庡紑濮嬩笌涓€鑸殑骞村害鑳介噺锛圱Wh/year锛変及璁¤秼鍔胯劚閽┿€傚鏋滄槸鍩轰簬鐗╃悊鐨勪及璁★紝杩欏彲鑳芥槸鐢变簬SHA-256 ASIC鎸栫熆璁惧鐨勭儹鐜囦笅闄嶏紝濡傛灉鏄熀浜庣粡娴庡鐨勪及璁★紝鎴栫敱浜庡噺鍗婂拰浠锋牸鍋滄粸銆?/p>涓婇潰鐨勫浘琛ㄦ樉绀轰簡鍙戝竷鏃剁殑骞村害鑳芥簮浼扮畻蹇収锛圱Wh/year锛夛紝浣嗗叾涓竴浜涙潵婧愶紙鍓戞ˉ澶у[C-BECI]鍜孉lex de Vries [D-BECI]锛夊疄闄呬笂鍦ㄥ嚑骞村墠鐨勬瘡鏃ュ浘琛ㄤ笂鍙戝竷浜嗚繖浜涘勾搴︿及绠椼€傝繖鍙堝洖鍒颁簡鍓嶉潰鍏充簬鑳介噺涓庤兘閲忕殑璁ㄨ锛氶€昏緫搴旇闃叉鍦ㄦ棩杞翠笂缁樺埗骞村害鑳介噺浼扮畻銆?/p>鏃犺濡備綍锛屾垜璁や负鏈夊繀瑕佸皢杩欎簺宸插叕甯冪殑浼拌鏁版嵁涓庢垜浠娇鐢ㄦ洿杩炵画鐨勬椂闂村簭鍒楁暟鎹紙鍥炴函鍒?017骞村簳锛堜箣鍓嶇殑甯傚満鍘嗗彶楂樼偣锛夛級杩涜姣旇緝銆傜粡娴庡拰鐗╃悊璁$畻锛屽墤妗ョ殑浼拌锛屼互鍙奃igiconomist鐨勭粨鏋滃湪鏃堕棿涓婇兘鏄浉褰撶浉浼肩殑锛岃繖浜涗笉鍚岀殑浼拌鎶€鏈紝鍐嶄竴娆″鍔犱簡涓€浜涘悓琛屽鏌ュ拰鏈夋晥鎬с€?/p>浠殑涓婅堪浼扮畻鏂规硶浼间箮涓庡叾浠栧悇绉嶆瘡鏃ラ棿闅旂殑骞村害鑳介噺浼扮畻寰堝ソ鍦颁竴鑷达紝鍥犳瀹冧滑琚钩鍧囧湪涓€璧凤紝鍒涘缓浜嗕竴绉嶅鍚堟瘮鐗瑰竵鑳介噺鎸囨暟锛圕BEI锛夛紝濡備笅闈㈢殑TWh/year鎵€绀恒€傛瘡涓€绉嶄及璁¢兘鏈変笉鍚岀殑鍋囪锛屼笉鍚岀殑姘村钩鍜屼笉鍑嗙‘鎬ф潵婧愶紝鍥犳瀹冧滑鐨勭粍鍚堝彲鑳芥洿鍑嗙‘銆傝繖涓鍚堜及绠楋紙CBEI锛夋渶杩戝垰鍒氶噸鏂版祴璇曚簡姣旂壒甯佹瘡骞寸綉缁滆兘婧愭秷鑰楁€婚噺鐨?0 TWh闃堝€笺€?/p>杩欎釜缁煎悎鑳介噺鎸囨暟涓庢瘮鐗瑰竵缃戠粶闅忔椂闂寸殑绠楀姏鐩告瘮濡備綍锛熷湪2019骞村垵鍓嶅悗锛孋BEI鏄剧ず鍑虹被浼肩殑鑴遍挬鐜拌薄锛岀畻鍔涘拰鑳芥簮缁х画涓婂崌锛岃兘婧愭秷鑰椾繚鎸佺浉瀵圭ǔ瀹氾紝ASIC鐑巼鍜屾瘮鐗瑰竵鎸栫熆婵€鍔卞凡缁忔敹缂┿€?/p>鏈夎叮鐨勬槸锛屽揩鐓ф瘮鐗瑰竵娑堣垂浼拌閫氬父鏄鎺ㄥ叏骞寸殑锛屼互TWh/骞寸殑鑳介噺鍊艰〃绀猴紝娌℃湁鏀寔鏃堕棿鏁版嵁鎴栬瘉鎹€傛瘡鏃ョ殑缃戠粶鍔熺巼浼拌瑕佹瘮缁樺埗鍦ㄦ瘡鏃ュ浘琛ㄤ笂鐨勬墍鏈夎繖浜涘勾搴﹁兘婧愭秷鑰椾及璁℃洿鍙楁杩庛€傚浘琛ㄧ殑閿欒涔嬪鍦ㄤ簬璁╀汉浠ぇ閲忚瑙f暟鎹殑鎯婁汉鍥捐〃閿欒锛氫互鏃ヤ负杞寸粯鍒剁殑骞村害鑳芥簮浼拌鏁般€傚洜姝わ紝鎴戝啋鏄у湴灏嗚繖浜涙瘡鏃ラ棿闅斾及璁℃暟杞崲涓烘瘡鏃ュ姛鐜囦及璁℃暟鍥撅紝浠ョ籂姝d笂杩板鑷存暟鎹瑙g殑鍥捐〃閿欒銆?/p><strong>鎴戞彁鍑轰簡缁煎悎姣旂壒甯佸姛鐜囨寚鏁帮紙CBPI锛夌紪璇戜粠D-BECI鍜屾渶灏忓€硷紝C-BECI鏈€澶у€硷紝鏈€灏忓€煎拰浼拌锛屼互鍙婃垜浠互涓婄殑缁忔祹瀛﹀拰鐗╃悊鍩虹涓婄殑浼拌</strong>銆?/p>杩欎釜CBPI缁勫悎浼拌姣旂壒甯佺殑鐬椂鐢ㄧ數閲忥紝鐢ㄧ摝鐗硅〃绀猴紝鐡︾壒鏄數鍔涚殑鍗曚綅銆侰BPI鐨勫嘲鍊兼渶杩戣揪鍒颁簡杩?.58 GW锛屾垨鑰呰鏄ぇ绾?鍙板痉缃楀畞鏃跺厜鏈虹殑1.21 GW銆?/p><strong>鐜涓殑CBPI</strong>杩欎箞澶х殑鑳介噺鍊兼槸寰堥毦鐞嗚В鐨勶紝鐗瑰埆鏄湪姣忓勾鐨勬儏鍐典笅锛屾墍浠ヨ鎴戜滑閫氳繃涓€浜涘揩閫熺殑姣旇緝鏉ユ纭湴鐪嬪緟杩欎簺浼扮畻锛?/p>閾惰绯荤粺娑堣€?50TWh/骞?/p>榛勯噾寮€閲?00 TWh/骞?/p>PC鍜屼富鏈烘父鎴?5 TWh/骞?/p>姣旂壒甯佹寲鐭匡紙CBEI锛?60 TWh/骞?/p>绾稿竵鍜岄摳甯?1 TWh/骞?/p>缇庡浗鍦h癁褰╃伅7TWh/骞?/p>鍩轰簬鎴戜滑浠ヤ笂鐨勪及璁★紝<strong>姣旂壒甯佺綉缁滃ぇ绾︽秷鑰?0鑷?0澶摝鏃?骞达紝鎴栫害0.15%鐨勫叏鐞冨勾鍙戠數閲忥紙26锛?00澶摝鏃讹級锛屽彧鏈夌害0.024%鐨勫叏鐞冩€昏兘婧愪骇閲忥紙14锛?21锛?51 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                            澹版槑锛氭鏂囧嚭浜庝紶閫掓洿澶氫俊鎭箣鐩殑锛屽苟涓嶆剰鍛崇潃璧炲悓鍏惰鐐规垨璇佸疄鍏舵弿杩般€傛湰缃戠珯鎵€鎻愪緵鐨勪俊鎭紝鍙緵鍙傝€冧箣鐢ㄣ€?/p>鍩轰簬鎴戜滑浠ヤ笂鐨勪及璁★紝姣旂壒甯佺綉缁滃ぇ绾︽秷鑰?0鑷?0澶摝鏃?骞达紝鎴栫害0.15%鐨勫叏鐞冨勾鍙戠數閲忥紙26锛?00澶摝鏃讹級锛屽彧鏈夌害0.024%鐨勫叏鐞冩€昏兘婧愪骇閲忥紙14锛?21锛?51 ktoe锛?/strong>銆傦紙ktoe涔熸槸鑳介噺鍗曚綅锛?000鍚ㄧ煶娌瑰綋閲忥紝11.36鍏嗙摝鏃躲€傦級鍥犳锛屽浠婃瘮鐗瑰竵鐨勮兘婧愭秷鑰楀彧鏄緢澶氫汉璁や负鐨勪竴涓噸澶ч棶棰橈細鍙槸涓嶆柇澧為暱鐨勪汉绫昏兘婧愭秷鑰楃殑涓€灏忛儴鍒嗐€備竴涓笘绾墠锛孨ikola Tesla灏辨彁鍑轰簡杩欎釜闂鐨勬湁瓒g殑瑙e喅鏂规銆傚氨鍦?020骞?鏈堬紝涓€椤圭爺绌剁О锛岃繎76%鐨勬瘮鐗瑰竵缃戠粶鏄敱娓呮磥鑳芥簮渚涚數鐨勩€傛澶栵紝璇疯浣忥紝涓€鏃︾埍鍥犳柉鍧﹀彂鐜颁簡璐ㄨ兘绛夋晥鎬э紝浜虹被鍒╃敤浜嗚暣钘忓湪鍘熷瓙涓殑鑳介噺锛屾帹鍔ㄤ汉绫昏繘姝ョ殑鑳芥簮宸茬粡鍙樺緱闈炲父涓板瘜銆?/p>鍐呭浠呬緵鍙傝€?涓嶄綔涓烘姇璧勫缓璁?椋庨櫓鑷媴鐗堟潈鎵€鏈?鏈粡鍏佽 涓ョ杞浇 杩戝勾鏉ワ紝鏈夎澶氫汉澹扮О姣旂壒甯佸拰閫氳繃SHA-256宸ヤ綔璇佹槑淇濇姢缃戠粶鐨勭熆宸ユ秷鑰椾簡杩囧鐨勮兘閲忋€?/div>
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